There are several causes for infertility in men, which relates to some underlying medical condition or some other factor such as poor semen quality. Almost 9 % of world’s male population suffers from some kind of infertility. If you are having unprotected intercourse with your female partner for around a year and still unable to make her pregnant then you or your partner could be suffering from some sort of infertility complications that needs medical attention. Below are the main causes of infertility in men for you to read.
There are several sperm abnormalities, which can cause infertility in men. The factors that cause sperm abnormalities are disease, congenital birth defects, lifestyle habits and chemical exposure. Several sperm abnormalities are unknown as well. The main categories of sperm abnormalities are Oligospermia (Low sperm count), Asthenospermia (Poor sperm motility) and Teratospermia (Abnormal sperm morphology). Basically the sperm abnormalities are categorized as per sperm movement, sperm count and sperm shape.
Retrograde ejaculation is a condition in which the sperms are forced back into the bladder instead of coming out. This happens when the bladder muscles do not function properly. In retrograde ejaculation the quality of sperms is not up to the mark. There are many reasons of retrograde ejaculation such as surgery of bladder or prostate, diseases such as multiple sclerosis or diabetes, spinal cord surgery or injury, certain medications such as tranquilizers or alpha blockers and aging.
There could be several structural abnormalities that can affect fertility in men. Any abnormality that block or damage the testes or tubes can result in infertility. The various types of structural abnormalities are Cryptorchidism and Hypospadias. Cryptorchidism is the condition in which testicles do not descend from the abdomen to the scrotum. This results in harm to sperm production. Hypospadias is the condition in which urinary opening is on the base of the penis. Although it can be corrected surgically but it’s one of the factors, which results in infertility in men. Another form of structural abnormality is blockage in the tube that moves sperm. Some men lack the tube that transports sperm from the testicles to the penis resulting in infertility.